Post modern is a genre that spans multiple forms of media, as well as fashion. Post modernism incorporates elements from multiple genres, as well as various components which are all used to create a wacky visual experience. Elements include, bricolage, pastiche, flattening of affect, altered states, temporal distortion, and style over content.
Bricolage is the use of elements of several genres within one film. NBK has elements from several genres, such as western, sitcom, action, romance, as well as others. The screenshot below shows (in my opinion) a situation similar to a western.
Flattening of affect is the negation of the realistic impact of an event. Acting or music or other aspects are used in a way to change how we see an event. For example, making violence seem not violent. NBK uses this often. Early in the film, we see a flashback of Mallory’s childhood. It shows the family environment and the abusive father, but portrays it as an 80s style sitcom. This makes us forget the true dark nature of her childhood. These elements make the scene have a different effect than if it was portrayed realistically
Altered states is using effects to change how the scene appears to us. In NBK, a green filter is used at one point to portray an ill feeling.
Temporal distortion is the usage of a nonlinear timeline. NBK uses this often. The film starts part way into the series of events, at this point we know nothing about the two main characters other than their names. Flash backs are used often to explain the characters’ backstories. It also jumps back and worth, it will go from present to past, then to present.
Style over content is when the aesthetic of the scene is more important than how realistic it is. One example of this is in Moonrise Kingdom. As the two main characters are going on their trip, they both show what they’re bringing. The girl brings with her a portable record player, books, as well as other items. These items are useless burden when on a camping trip, but it is used here to look cool.
Post modernism started after the modernism movement. During the 50s and 60s, immense progress and regrowth took place after the destructive ww2. This period included technological advancements and the creation of conveniences which raised the quality of life for many people. This gave people a positive and optimistic outlook on life. However, towards the end of the century, people’s outlook turned negative. People were starting to see the negative aspects of these new creations, such as the normalisation of violence in TV/film. What was once a fun and entertaining experience, turned into a glamorised version of a disturbing reality.